MSc International Human Resource Management degree

Entry requirements
2:2+
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
2-4 years
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£14,500
International fee
£26,300
Application status
Open

Overview

Our MSc International Human Resource Management programme explores the challenges facing companies that manage people across nationally distinct systems, and will assess current institutional trends across a global landscape.

This interdisciplinary programme will draw on theories, principles and teaching from a broad range of disciplines to analyse how macro-level global competitive pressures and national institutions impact the management of people in different organisations.

As part of the MSc International Human Resource Management curriculum, you will discuss the role of formal and cultural institutions in shaping organisations and the economy, and will evaluate how models of global best practice regarding work organisation and labour management spread unevenly across national borders.

You will also gain a detailed insight into the impact of workplace politics and culture, and how these factors can shape the organisation of work and present problems of conflict, negotiation and accommodation.

Our inspiring location offers a unique learning environment for anyone who shares a passion for international business. London is one of the world’s leading hubs for global business and trade and is the ideal location for students to expand their knowledge, expertise and networks.

Who should study this programme?

This MSc International Human Resource Management programme will appeal to students from a diverse range of academic and professional backgrounds, including those with an interest in generating new ideas and knowledge of international management procedures and best practice.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

What makes this programme different?

This programme enhances the study of international HRM by drawing on insights from the sociology of work (expanding the focus of HRM to include work organization) and comparative political economy (providing a broad understanding of national business systems and their imnpact on HRM and work organisation).

What you'll study

The modules on our MSc International Human Resource Management programme are designed to deliver a high quality educational experience that develops and sustains your knowledge, skills and aspirations in the further advancement of your career within the business and management sector.

Modules

Our MSc International Human Resource Management programme covers a wide range of topics; to give you a taster we have expanded on some of the modules affiliated with this programme and the specific assessment methods associated with each module.

Collaborative Project

With a multi-talented group of students you will work on a brief from a real company looking to solve a real social or business problem.

Together with your student team, you will research and build solutions to a business problem, supported by our project tutors, clients and staff. Previous clients include Foster + Partners, Speedo, The London Legacy Development Corporation as well as many other companies, start-ups and charities.

The Collaborative Project provides a means for you to engage in critical enquiry and to be exposed to project-based teamwork in multicultural and interdisciplinary settings. By undertaking this module, you will strengthen your cooperative and collaborative working skills and competencies, whilst raising your awareness and appreciation of cultural and disciplinary diversity and differences.

The Collaborative Project aims to provide you with a hands-on experience of identifying, framing and resolving practice-oriented and real-world based challenges and problems, using creativity and appropriate tools to achieve valuable and relevant solutions. Alongside the collaborative elements of the module, you will be provided with opportunities to network with stakeholders, organisations and corporations, which will give you the experience and skills needed to connect to relevant parties and potentially develop future employment opportunities.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Work effectively in diverse and interdisciplinary teams
  • Undertake and contribute towards a project-based development process
  • Apply critical enquiry, reflection, and creative methods to identify, frame, and resolve issues and problems at hand
  • Identify user and stakeholder needs and value creation opportunities, whilst collecting and applying evidence-based information and knowledge to develop appropriate insights, practices and solutions
  • Identify, structure, reflect on key issues and propose solutions to problems in creative ways
  • Enhance your appreciation for diversity and divergent individual and disciplinary perspectives
  • Be able to provide structured, reflective and critical feedback to peers and other stakeholders
  • Plan and execute a project plan including scope, resources and timing
  • Effectively communicate ideas, methods and results to a diverse range of stakeholders
  • Use multiple, state-of-the-art date media and technologies to communicate with collaborators
  • Make informed, critical and reflective decisions in time-limited situations.

Assessment

100% Coursework consisting of:

  • Peer evaluation (5%)
  • Group project report (40%)
  • Individual essay (55%)

Management in a Diverse World

This topical module will enable you to make informed assessments of the idiosyncrasies of national economic systems. You will uncover the key elements of national economic systems and how they differ through an in-depth investigation of how they have evolved over time. As a group, you will assess the challenges facing companies that manage across nationally distinct systems, and will take account for the pressures towards convergence and divergence in the nature of managerial work.

This module aims to equip students with a sound working knowledge of quantitative research methods used in support of making business decisions.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • Appreciate the ways in which economic activity is embedded in particular national contexts
  • Understand the nature and causes of national variations in the way that ostensibly similar processes are undertaken
  • Critically evaluate a range of aspects of the behaviour of multinational companies
  • Identify which features of organisations are becoming more similar across nations and which continue to differ
  • Develop an approach to comparing phenomena across countries that is sensitive to the ways in which economic activity is embedded in institutional context
  • Evaluate the ways in which comparative analysis is soundly carried out
  • Demonstrate an effective understanding of recommendations for policy and practice underpinned by comparative analysis.

Assessment

Assessment is 100% written assessment (maximum 3,000 words) that will consist of 3 questions over 3 weeks (1 questions response submitted per week).

International Business and Entrepreneurship in Developing Economies

This module will equip students with the necessary academic skills to understand the challenges firms face in different developing countries and assessing different ways in which firms can overcome these challenges.

By the end of this module, students will be able to critically use different concepts describing developing countries’ business environments, including institutional voids, institutional distance, state capitalism, hierarchical market economies, embedded autonomy, and predatory states.

Based on these key concepts from international business, comparative political economy, and development studies literature, students will be able to critically analyse what specific challenges arise for firms in such contexts and how different types of firms have reacted to them. Topics addressed in the module include the strength and weaknesses of institutions, the role of the state, rule-based vs. relationship-based systems of governance, business groups, and State-owned enterprises (SOEs).

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to:

  • Identify and critically assess institutional specificities in a series of developing countries
  • Be critically aware of how institutional factors shape companies’ organisational structures and practices
  • Critically evaluate a range of contextual factors in developing countries and how firms can react to them
  • Explain and critically reflect on different ways of doing business in different parts of the world
  • Critically evaluate key concepts used to describe the institutional and cultural business context in developing countries
  • Critically analyse companies strategic and organizational reactions to key challenges in developing countries
  • Critically analyse and synthesise academic literature and other sources of information
  • Construct and present convincing, logically coherent arguments orally and in writing
  • Demonstrate effective oral presentation skills.

Assessment

  • Group presentation (20%)
  • Oral exam and poster presentation (80%)

Sociology of Work

This module draws on the sociology of work to provide a systematic explanation of these and other important questions regarding the types, content, and contexts of work as well as broader issues regarding employment relations and the labour market within the economy. The approach will be historical and comparative, providing a sociological, critical and labour-oriented approach to work, markets, corporations and capitalism. Topics include an introduction to sociological theory, the history of capitalist work and employment, gender and race in the labour market, deskilling, upskilling, and skill polarization, the roles of unions, Fordism and post-Fordism, professions, low-wage occupations and non-standard work and bad jobs.

The module will familiarise students with key concepts in sociology and the sociological study of work and employment, provide a historical and comparative perspective on the development of work and labour markets since the industrial revolution, explore the various economic, political and cultural forces shaping the organisation of work and labour markets and understand the factors contributing to job quality.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module, students will be able to:

  • Identify the evolution of work organisation & employment relations over time and how they vary within and across national economies
  • Assess the competitive and institutional pressures facing HR managers and corporate managers and how these vary over time and across national economies
  • Identify the sources of variation in job quality and labour market dynamics, including why many advanced capitalist economies are increasingly experiencing a growth of bad jobs
  • Have a basic understanding of sociological theories including social constructionism, embeddedness and theory and theories of social class and power
  • Critically analyse the sources of job quality, the sources of gender and racial discrimination in the labour market, roles of trade unions, the differences between sectors and occupations, and trends in skill development
  • Critically evaluate theories of seeking to explain job quality, skill development and inequality
  • Explain the role of institutions and power in the economy
  • Critically evaluate strategies and models of work organisation, including scientific management, socio-technical systems and lean production
  • Identify the effects of standardisation, autonomy and employee involvement in shaping organisational performance.

Assessment

Assessment consists of 1 x time-limited assessment (maximum of 3,000 words).

International Human Resource Management

By the end of this module you will be able to make informed assessments of the impact of national institutions on HRM. You will uncover the key elements of national traditions of HRM and why they differ through a careful analysis of how they have evolved over time. You will look at a number of case studies to understand the challenges facing companies that manage people across nationally distinct systems, and assess the current trends in international HRM, including whether patterns of work are converging or diverging.


This module aims to examine HRM strategies and practices in institutional and cultural contexts; examine the role of HRM strategies in the management of multinational firms; understand how institutional and cultural differences affect multinational companies' decision; and identify emerging issues in international HRM and various challenges that multinational companies face in managing people and workplaces globally.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Compare the impact of national institutions on HRM, with special reference to industrial relations systems and labour market regulations
  • Evaluate cross cultural differences in international management with regard to leadership, worker motivation, communication and negotiation
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of particular HRM policies and practices in different national and organisational settings
  • Evaluate the roles of alternative international HRM strategies and practices on the success of multinational companies
  • Evaluate the influence of multinational corporations’ HRM policies on the quality of work within their global value chains
  • Develop an approach to understanding how HRM differs across countries that is sensitive to the ways in which the practices of firms are embedded in institutional context
  • Evaluate the ways in which those practicing international HRM can be effective in their roles
  • Demonstrate an effective understanding of recommendations for policy and practice underpinned by an understanding of international HRM.

Assessment

  • Participation (10%)
  • Group Presentation (20%)
  • Take-home Assignment (70%)

Comparative Political Economy

This module takes the widely influential varieties of capitalism approach to comparative political economy as a starting point in order to highlight the distinctiveness of a broad family of alternative theoretical approaches.

Varieties of capitalism theory speak of rational choice, largely power and conflict free, ahistorical, ‘firm-centred’ and methodologically nationalist concepts. In contrast, the family of approaches covered in this class will (mostly) emphasise the importance of competing rationalities and norm-driven behaviour, power and conflict, historical change, states and labour unions, and regional and global levels of analysis.

This module thus leans heavily on sociological contributions, although it also covers approaches based in political science, heterodox economics and geography. It primarily emphasises social embeddedness and social constructionist approaches (as opposed to rational choice and incentive-oriented approaches). In terms of geographical focus, the emphasis is on the advanced capitalist economies of Western Europe and North America, although some time is dedicated to the Chinese economy.

The module will examine the relationship between markets, institutions, business strategy and macroeconomic outcomes regarding slow growth, inequality and crisis. It will also provide and introduction to alternative theoretical approaches to understanding capitalism.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module, students will be able to:

  • Explain how market economies vary in terms of work organisation and employment relations, corporate governance & financial systems, inter-firm relations& forms of competition, state-society relations
  • Identify the similar and distinct pressures facing managers, workers and policy makers across advanced capitalist economics
  • Assess the causes of contemporary economic problems including slow growth, rising inequality and recurring economic crises
  • Critically evaluate alternative theoretical approaches to economic analysis including historical institutionalist, regulation theory, embeddedness theory and social constructionist theory
  • Critically analyse variations in how national capitalist economies are configured, the causes of strong and weak economic growth, high or low inequality and economic stability and crisis
  • Critically evaluate key theories in the areas of comparative political economy and institutional theory
  • Identify the role of institutions and politics in the functioning of the economy
  • Critically evaluate macroeconomic policies and corporate policies and strategies
  • Assess the pressures facing policy makers and corporate managers.

Assessment

Assessment consists of 1 x 100% Time-Limited Assessment (maximum 3,000 words).

International and Comparative Employment Relations

This module will introduce you to the study of industrial and employment relations in international and comparative institutional perspective. We will explore various industrial relations systems and institutions especially those of the UK, Continental Europe, USA and China.

We will discuss the role of the state, employers, trade unions and workers when discussing matters affecting employment and industrial relations. We will address systems of collective bargaining, the employment relationship, worker participation, regulation and the role of international institutions such as the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and global union federations.

The module also explores contemporary issues in the development of transnational structures and processes including the development of International Framework Agreements, international labour standards, transnational works councils and social dialogue.

The module will introduce students to the field of employment relations as an academic and policy oriented discipline, including various theoretical approaches and traditions, provide students with a comparative analysis of national industrial relations systems, focuses on the UK, Europe USA and China and provide in-depth analysis of key actors in employment relations, including employers, trade unions and the state.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to:

  • Explain key concepts in contemporary industrial and employment relations in comparative and international perspective
  • Identify the global, national and sectoral institutional contexts of industrial relations
  • Assess aspects of diversity and change in industrial relations in the countries and sectors studied
  • Critically analyse national / sectoral variations in employment relations systems and their interaction with transnational structures and processes
  • Critically evaluate key theories in the areas of employment relations and comparative institutional analysis
  • Assess industrial relations systems in comparative and international perspectives
  • Critically evaluate the functions, problems and benefits of collective bargaining, worker participation, regulation and international institutions
  • Reflect critically on practices of and relations between employers, workers, trade unions, the state and international institutions.

Assessment

  • Two in-class assignments (80%)
  • Group presentation (20%)

Diversity in Global Organisations

This module will address diversity management in multinational organisations. It will provide an understand the dimensions of diversity within organisations operating across borders and their implications for management of organisations, careers and teams. It will identify differences and complementarities between cultural and institutional framework. The module will teach students to assess the ways in which diversity affects micro-level managerial and team behaviour and to critically assess the extent to which approaches to diversity management are shaped by organisations and external forces. It will introduce debates and theories on how diversity and cross-cultural differences relate to corporate social responsibility and international human resource management practices and organizational performance.

The aims of this module are to:

  • Equip students with the ability to critically assess the implications of diversity in cross-border settings
  • Generate an awareness of how these differences are shaped by organisational and national contexts.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Critically assess theoretical frameworks underpinning diversity and inter-cultural management
  • Assess the ways in which diversity shapes organisational behaviour at individual and group level, including leadership, motivation and team processes
  • Identify the differences in formal and informal national institutions that shape diversity in global organisations and their implications for organisational policy and practice
  • Explain the implications of diversity and cross-cultural management for corporate social responsibility and international human resource management
  • Critically assess the implications, limitations and complementarity of key theories of diversity management
  • Critically reflect upon the challenges and opportunities associated with managing a diverse workforce with implications for organisational performance
  • Critically analyse organizational practice and managerial behavior in diverse, cross-national contexts
  • Assess the effectiveness of relevant national regulations and corporate codes of conduct
  • Critically evaluate recommendations for corporate policy.

Assessment

  • Time-limited take home exam (80%)
  • Group Presentation (20%)

Dissertation

The Dissertation module will equip you with the relevant skills, knowledge and understanding to embark on your own research project.

You will have the choice of three dissertation pathways:

  1. A desk based research project that could be set by an organisation or could be a subject of the student's choice
  2. A project that involves collection of primary data from within an organisation or based on lab and/or field experiments
  3. A professional placement within an organisation during which time students will complete a project as part of their role in agreement with the organisation (subject to a suitable placement position being obtained)

By undertaking a dissertation at master's level, you will achieve a high level of understanding in your chosen subject area and will produce a written thesis or project report which will discuss your research in depth and with rigour.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • The importance of project planning
  • The importance of a clear hypothesis or research question
  • The ethical implications of research
  • The relevant empirical data and methodologies for data collection or knowledge assimilation for the subject area
  • Methods of data analysis and their suitability for the intended data
  • The areas of expertise or publications of the major individuals or organisations in the subject or business area
  • The previous research or current knowledge in the specific subject or business area
  • Theoretical perspectives relevant to your chosen topic
  • The most effective methods of presentation for data or knowledge
  • Developing a clear, coherent and original research question, hypothesis or business problem in a suitable subject area
  • Synthesising relevant sources (e.g. research literature, primary data) to construct a coherent argument in response to your research question, hypothesis or business problem
  • Analysing primary or secondary data collected by an appropriate method
  • Critically evaluating data collected in context with previously published knowledge or information
  • Engaging in critical debate and argumentation in written work
  • Applying principles of good scholarly practice to your written work
  • Performing appropriate literature searching/business information searching using library databases or other reputable sources
  • Planning a research project and producing a realistic gantt chart demonstrating your intended timelines
  • Synthesising information from appropriate sources
  • Demonstrating rational use of research method tools
  • Selecting and using appropriate investigative and research skills
  • Demonstrating effective project planning skills
  • Finding and evaluating scholarly sources
  • Engaging in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation
  • Demonstrating effective report writing skills
  • Recognising and using resources effectively
  • Successfully managing a project from idea to completion
  • Demonstrating commercial awareness or the impact of knowledge transfer in a business or research environment.

Assesement

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Research proposal (10%)
  • Dissertation report/essay (90%)

The information above is intended as an example only, featuring module details for the current year of study. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes – revised details will be published through Programme Specifications ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

How you'll be assessed

Modules are assessed by a combination of examinations, projects and coursework. You will complete a combination of written and practical assessments, which may vary depending on the module choices you make. You can expect to complete essays and reports of varying lengths, as well as presentations, proposals and pitches in some cases. For information about the assessments you will be expected to complete for each module, please see the module lists for this programme.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Workshops

Your personal and professional development

The Institute for International Management at Loughborough University London is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully into a global management and relations position.

Future career prospects

Our MSc International Human Resource Management programme will equip individuals with the knowledge and skills required to support business development and growth on a regional, national and international scale.

Graduates will also have the opportunity to enhance their knowledge and career prospects further by undertaking an MPhil or PhD programme.

Your personal development

The careers and employability support on offer at Loughborough University London and has been carefully designed to give you the best possible chance of securing your dream role.

Loughborough University London is the first of its kind to develop a suite of careers-focused activities and support that is positioned as the underpinning of every student’s programme. Opportunities include employability assessments, group projects set by a real businesses and organisations, company site visits and organisation-based dissertation opportunities.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

A 2:2 honours degree (minimum of 55% overall) or equivalent international qualification.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

The standard University IELTS English language requirement is 6.5 overall with 6.0 in each individual element (reading, writing, listening and speaking).

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£14,500

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£26,300

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

Find out more about master's degree funding