MSc Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management degree

Entry requirements
2:2+
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
2-4 years
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£14,500
International fee
£26,300
Application status
Open

Overview

Our MSc Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management programme gives you the opportunity to explore and reflect on what it takes to achieve, sustain and grow a business.

Not only will you acquire the skills and knowledge required to set up your own venture, but you will develop a critical and deep understanding of what it means to be entrepreneurial and innovative, both as an individual and as an organisation.

Entrepreneurial behaviour is a key competency required by a growing number of employers. Our MSc Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management programme will provide you with a robust understanding of the innovation process. You will also be equipped with the key skills and competencies required to respond quickly and take action, so that you will be well placed to succeed in today’s marketplace.

Some of the research interests in the Institute for Innovation and Entrepreneurship feed directly into the curriculum, such as findings and trends relating to family businesses, venture capital and private equity, digital entrepreneurial activity, social network analysis, social entrepreneurship, governance and executive compensation, and crowdfunding.

By the end of the MSc Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management programme, you will have a clear understanding of the complexity of the innovation process and its importance in the current economic climate, and will have knowledge of the academic theories of entrepreneurship and the relationship between entrepreneurial tendencies and resulting behaviour.

Who should study this programme?

If you are considering launching your own venture and would like expert advice and training on the skills required for success, then this programme is for you. Similarly, if you have a passion for enterprise and aspire to work with small start-up companies and organisations, then our MSc Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management programme will equip you with the tools and knowledge you need transform a foundation into a global success story.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

Leander Quitmann

Hear from Leander about studying within the Institute for Innovation and Entrepreneurship and what postgraduate life is like at Loughborough University London.

What makes this programme different?

  • Guest lectures from successful entrepreneurs and business leaders
  • Learn how to launch your own business venture
  • Skill to progress in large blue chip companies

What you'll study

The Institute for Innovation and Entrepreneurship delivers teaching from world class academics, influential thought leaders and inspiring professionals who share a passion for enterprise and entrepreneurship.

Modules

Our MSc Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management covers a wide range of topics; to give you a taster we have expanded on some of the modules affiliated with the subject and the specific assessment methods associated with each module.

Students must choose two optional modules in Semester Two to complete the MSc Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management. They must choose one option from each of the lists.

The following information is intended as an example only and is based on module information for the 2019/20 year of entry. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes. Updated Programme and Module Specifications are made available ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

Collaborative Project

With a multi-talented group of students you will work on a brief from a real company looking to solve a real social or business problem.

Together with your student team, you will research and build solutions to a business problem, supported by our project tutors, clients and staff. Previous clients include Foster + Partners, Speedo, The London Legacy Development Corporation as well as many other companies, start-ups and charities.

The Collaborative Project provides a means for you to engage in critical enquiry and to be exposed to project-based teamwork in multicultural and interdisciplinary settings. By undertaking this module, you will strengthen your cooperative and collaborative working skills and competencies, whilst raising your awareness and appreciation of cultural and disciplinary diversity and differences.

The Collaborative Project aims to provide you with a hands-on experience of identifying, framing and resolving practice-oriented and real-world based challenges and problems, using creativity and appropriate tools to achieve valuable and relevant solutions. Alongside the collaborative elements of the module, you will be provided with opportunities to network with stakeholders, organisations and corporations, which will give you the experience and skills needed to connect to relevant parties and potentially develop future employment opportunities.

Innovation Management

This module will include: the innovation process and models for innovation; the importance of innovation to the economy; government support for innovation; and the importance of innovation in the contemporary business environment.

The module aims to equip you with an in depth knowledge of the innovation process, its importance to the economy and an understanding of the factors affecting its success.

Topics studied as part of this module may include:

  • The complexity of the innovation process
  • Different types and patterns of innovation
  • Understanding the interrelationship between an organisation's environment and its innovative capability
  • Relating innovation theory to the performance of an organisation
  • Interpreting company performance in relation to the dynamic environment in which it operates
  • Synthesising information from appropriate sources
  • Demonstrating rational use of business and risk analysis tools to analyse company performance
  • Utilising appropriate investigative and research skills
  • Demonstrating effective report writing skills
  • How to demonstrate commercial awareness
  • Recognising ethical dilemmas and corporate social responsibility issues

 

Entrepreneurship

This module will include: entrepreneurship and the economy; the theories of entrepreneurship; recognising and measuring entrepreneurial tendencies; and entrepreneurship in different organisational contexts.

The aims of this module are to introduce you to the field of entrepreneurship; to examine the role entrepreneurship plays in modern economies; to analyse the different types of activity contained within the definition, and the main theoretical and analytical approaches used to understand the concept; to consider entrepreneurial innovation at different stages of a business, from start-up to more mature firms; to enable you to assess their own entrepreneurial tendencies; and to enable you to test their theories in a mini research project.

Topics studied as part of this module include:

  • The varying and pervasive role of entrepreneurship within the economy
  • The different contexts in which entrepreneurs operate
  • The approaches developed by researchers in attempting to understand the entrepreneurial process
  • Entrepreneurial tendencies
  • The dimensions and role of entrepreneurship in a modern economy
  • The ability to interpret and contextualise commentary relating to the field

 

Dissertation

The Dissertation module will equip you with the relevant skills, knowledge and understanding to embark on your own research project.

Dissertation pathways may include:

  1. A desk-based research project that could be set by an organisation or a subject of your choice
  2. A project that involves collection of primary data from within an organisation or based on lab and/or field experiments
  3. A professional placement within an organisation during which time you will complete a project as part of your role, in agreement with the organisation (subject to a suitable placement position being obtained)

By undertaking a dissertation at master's level, you should achieve a high level of understanding in your chosen subject area and produce a written thesis or project report which will discuss your research in depth and with rigour.

Funding

You will learn basic financial calculations and how to analyse the financial status of a company, before learning how to prepare a pitch to an investor. The aim of this module is to equip you with an in-depth knowledge of the various funding options available for new ventures and the processes involved in obtaining financial backing.

Together, we will consider how to identify the funding needs of a new venture, before outlining the relevant sources of funding. We will then explore the steps that must be undertaken in order to secure the funds, and analyse appropriate data and information in order to make effective decisions.

This insightful module may include teaching on the following topics:

  • How to identify the funding needs of a new venture
  • How to ascertain appropriate funding
  • How to demonstrate effective communication skills to persuade and influence stakeholders
  • Evaluating the funding needs of a new venture
  • Analysing and interpreting data to inform decision-making
  • Demonstrating effective report writing skills
  • How to work effectively in a team
  • The importance of good oral communication and presentation skills
  • Demonstrating a positive attitude towards a commercial opportunity
  • Demonstrating a strong problem solving ability

Strategy and Market Analysis

By the end of this module, you will be able to perform a critical analysis of the competitive environment in which an organisation operates. You will learn how to critically analyse an organisation's ability to face competition, develop and grow, both nationally and internationally. You will develop a critical understanding of SWOT, DPEST and Porter models and will utilise these alongside insights from game theory, to identify the strategic challenges and opportunities facing an organisation. This module will draw on key theories in strategic management, and will build on the latest academic insight in this area.
 
Topics addressed in the module include company positioning, internationalisation strategies, alliances, strategic organisation, industry architecture and dynamics, and stratgic decision-making. 

The aim of this module is to equip students with the necessary academic insights about and be able to reflect critically on organizations positioning in their competitive environment and assessing companies' preparedness for facing competition.
 
Topics studied as part of this module may include:
  • How to identify and critically assess the forces impacting on company strategies 
  • The factors involved in strategy making
  • Assessing the resources and constraints for strategy making in a competitive environment
  • The importance of social, economic, political and technological forces in a company's environment
  • How to critically investigate and reflect on the impact of internationalisation company strategy
  • Key drivers of companies' competitive positioning
  • How to critically analyse companies' preparedness to face competition and ability to develop to grow, including internationally
  • Synthesising information from appropriate sources
  • Demonstrating effective communication to persuade and influence stakeholders
  • How to demonstrate effective report writing skills
  • Selecting and using appropriate investigative research skills

Understanding Organisational Failure

You will look at the innovation process and risk assessment methods for avoiding failure. We will also look at the risk taking traits of entrepreneurs and the attitude towards failure in society.
 
The aim of this module is to equip you with a knowledge of the various factors that cause failure of organisations and will cover: conceptions of organisational success and failure; interconnected causes of organisational failure; roles and responsibilities of organisational stakeholders; governance, power and communication with organisations; and Public Relations.
 
Topics studied as part of this module may include:
  • Multiple causes of failure and the relationship between each case
  • Identifying the ways in which organisations and individuals can learn from failure
  • Recognising the value of failure as a positive step
  • Understanding the need for resilience in the case of failure
  • Using business and risk analysis tools to analyse company performance
  • Selecting and using appropriate investigative and research skills
  • Effective report writing skills
  • Commercial awareness;
  • How to demonstrate effective problem-solving skills

Choose one

Choose one

Business Statistics

The aim of this module is to equip students with a working knowledge of basic statistical methods for analysing data. By studying this module, students will learn how to execute basic statistical analysis and evaluate research utilising the methods.

Topics studied may include:

  • How to formulate quantitative research questions suitable to statistical analysis
  • Basic statistical analyses and their use
  • Identifying questions that require quantitative analysis
  • How to identify data that requires statistical analysis
  • Identifying threats to the validity of existing quantitative research
  • How to test the validity of your own research and make improvements
  • Gain an introductory level of knowlegde in probability and statistics

Creative Business Models

The module content will focus on elements for a business model including: customer segments, value proposition, channels, customer relationships, revenue streams, key partnerships, cost structure, and sources of competitive advantage. 
 
The aims of this module are to develop students' awareness of the scope and diversity of business models within the creative industries and develop their understanding of the relationships between business model innovation, technological advancement and creative industry evolution. 
 
Topics covered as part of this module may include:
  • The elements of a business model which contribute to success
  • Unique characteristics of the creative industries and what makes them distinct from other kinds of businesses, with a particular focus on creativity and technology
  • How to critically assess a potential product or service
  • Developing the strategic positioning of a novel business idea
  • How to evaluate and critically determine the likely commercial opportunities and risks for the business model in an intended creative commercial environment
  • Key commercial drivers in different creative business models
  • Business model elements for financial success in a specific creative commercial environment
  • Applying critical analysis to existing creative industry business models and anticipating future relevant innovations using marketplace trends
  • Complex commercial environments
  • Using effective communication to persuade and influence stakeholders
  • Evaluating business needs for expert intervention
  • How to demonstrate effective report writing skills
  • Developing good oral communication and presentation skills

Family Businesses

This module examines the factors influencing family-owned and managed businesses, including key research and methodical approaches to better understand entrepreneurship and innovation in family firms. Insights into the academic theories behind family business are also identified, as well as approaches into family firms and strategic choices.

The aims of this module are to examine the role that family businesses play in economies; consider the different ownership and governance structures of family firms; explore the drivers and processes that are unique to family firms; and develop an understanding of the strengths and inherent weaknesses of this type of firm, and the impact this can have on business strategy, and on outcomes such as entrepreneurial activity and sustainability

Topics may include:

  • The different types of family businesses
  • The link between 'family' and strategic choices
  • Family dynamics and the 'family effect' on the business
  • The approaches developed by researchers in attempting to understand family firms
  • The dimensions and role of family firms in a modern economy

Institutional Foundations of Capitalism and Entrepreneurship

By studying Institutional Foundations of Capitalism and Entrepreneurship, you will understand the nature the institutions that structure modern market economies. You will appreciate how key institutions interlock together to create circumstances for innovation, entrepreneurship and growth, alonside appreciating the importance of institutional analysis for economic and business policy-making.

This module aims to: provide students with an understanding of the institutions underlying modern market economies and of the institutional conditions that enable finance, innovation and entrepreneurship; introduce students to prominent multi-disciplinary approaches to the analysis of economic institutions; and introduce students to some key methods used for theoretical and empirical research in this area.

Topics studied may include:

  • The general nature of institutions and organisations and their role in modern market economies
  • Institutional features of property, markets, finance, corporations and states, and their functions in modern market economies
  • The diverse and uneven evolution of these institutions in different countries
  • Different approaches to the analysis of economic institutions
  • The drivers of economic and business activity in modern market economies
  • The key roles of different institutions in modern market economies
  • Different theoretical approaches in the area
  • Developing your capacity to undertake interdisciplinary research
  • How to critically evaluate theories and methods used to analyse economic and business activity

Intellectual Property

This module will include aspects of intellectual property law, the types of intellectual property, using intellectual property for commercial advantage, how to apply for intellectual property, and intellectual property database searching.

The aim of this module is to equip you with a knowledge of the various types of intellectual property, searching intellectual property databases, the legal basis of intellectual property rights, the application process for obtaining intellectual property and its importance to the innovation process and the entrepreneur.

Topics studied as part of this module may include:

  • The importance of intellectual property as an asset
  • Understanding the complexity of IP law and the protection process
  • The commercial value of the various types of intellectual property
  • Interpreting data and information in order to make effective decisions
  • Performing intellectual property searches
  • How to give advice on company strategy
  • Selecting and using appropriate investigative and research skills
  • Effective report writing skills
  • How to work effectively in a team
  • Demonstrating good oral communication and presentation skills
  • How to recognise and use resources effectively
  • How to demonstrate problem solving capability
  • How to demonstrate a creative approach to communication

Managerial Economics

This module will serve as the foundation of competitive strategy, by developing your understanding of economic profit drivers, firm competition, price discrimination, integration, and strategic interaction between firms and economic externalities. Topics will include market dynamics and surplus, production, competitive environments from monopoly to oligopoly to perfect competition, factor markets, vertical and horizontal mergers and integration, strategic interaction between firms and economic externalities in the context of public goods.
 
Topics studied may include:
  • Predicting the effect of market forces on supply, demand and prices
  • How to tell competitors' strategic response in decision making
  • How to create pricing schemes to maximise profits
  • Evaluating the consequences of horizontal and vertical mergers
  • Critically analysing competitive environments for advantage
  • How to identify key drivers of firms' competitive positioning
  • The role and manipulation of market forces for profitability
  • Analysing press articles to understand economic consequences for firms in a competitive landscape
  • Considering icentives to manage behaviour (e.g. consumer, employee or shareholder) 

New Venture Creation

This module will equip you with background knowledge of business planning and strategy execution with simulated experience of running a company.

We will look at a variety of frameworks for assessing entrepreneurs, products, markets, industries and operations in order to understand the importance of thorough market/product analysis and the operation of a new venture, as well as the dynamic nature of strategy. Conceptual foundations are matched with practical training to enable students to formulate and execute their business strategies.

Topics studied may include:

  • The essentials of business planning
  • Strategy and positioning/market analysis
  • Marketing
  • Operations management
  • Financial statements
  • Using business simulation software to run your own business

How you'll be assessed

You will complete a combination of written and practical assessments, which may vary depending on the module choices you make. You can expect to complete essays and reports of varying lengths, as well as presentations, proposals and pitches in some cases. For information about the assessments you will be expected to complete for each module, please see the module lists for this programme.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Workshops

Your personal and professional development

The Institute for Innovation and Entrepreneurship at Loughborough University London is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Graduates of our MSc Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management programme will possess the knowledge and expertise required to set up their own venture, and will also have the skills needed to progress into roles involving research and design management, product development, market research and corporate management.

Graduates also have the opportunity to enhance their knowledge and career prospects further by undertaking an MPhil or PhD programme.

Your personal development

Some modules include inspiring guest lectures from successful entrepreneurs and business leaders across a range of industries.

The careers and employability support on offer at Loughborough University London and has been carefully designed to give you the best possible chance of securing your dream role.

Loughborough University London is the first of its kind to develop a suite of careers-focused activities and support that is positioned as the underpinning of every student’s programme. Opportunities include employability assessments, group projects set by a real businesses and organisations, company site visits and organisation-based dissertation opportunities

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

Minimum of a 2:2 (55% or above) or equivalent international qualification.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

The standard University IELTS English language requirement is 6.5 overall with 6.0 in each individual element (reading, writing, listening and speaking).

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£14,500

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£26,300

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

Find out more about master's degree funding